LABOUR AND SOCIAL LAW

LABOUR AND SOCIAL LAW

The subordination of the worker as an essential characteristic of an employment relationship is the reason for the development of the labour law. The fundamental purpose of labour law is to eliminate inequalities between employer and worker, as a weaker party in an employment relationship, by recognizing certain rights to workers and preventing workers from being treated as a matter.

Modern labour law systems are based on fundamental human rights and liberties, such as the right to work, freedom of work, freedom of trade unions, non-discrimination in employment, the right to safety and health at work, etc.

In parallel with labour law, another legal branch was developed, namely social law or social security law. Social law regulates the conditions of employment, work and social security. It is a set of rules that implement the constitutional principle of the welfare state. It is a system in modern society which protects individuals against social risks such as loss of job, disability, illness, physical impairment, etc. and ensure income and thus economic security for the time when an individual can’t earn income on a permanent or temporary basis.

It is clearly defined in the general provisions of the Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia that Slovenia is a welfare state. In addition to that, the Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia particularly highlights the right to social security in the Article 50.

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